The first settlers in the State of Gujarat were Gujjars who happened to be an ethnic group of India, Pakistan and Afghanistan. Although their originis remain uncertain, the clan appeared in northern India and in Saurashtra about the time of the Huna invasion. The name of the tribe was 'sanskritized' to 'Gurjara' who followed the main religions of Hinduism, Islam, Sikkism and Christianity.
However, the earliest Archeological traces indicate the Indus Valley Civilization as historical relics with the stone age settlements are found in Gujarat around Sabarmati and Mahi rivers. Its roots are also in the Harappan traces found at Lothal, Rampur, Amri and other places.
Ancient Gujarat was ruled by the Maurya Dynasty. Emperor Chandragupta Maurya conquered a number of states in Gujarat while his grandson, King Ashoka extended his domain in Gujarat. The reigns of the first three Mauryas were significant but with Ashoka's death in 232 B C the Mauryan empire began to crumble,leading to political defragmentation. The Shungas who succeeded the Mauryas tried, unsuccessfully, to uphold the semblance of political unity.
After the fall of the Maurya Empire, the Sakas or Scynthians controlled the region from A.D. 130 to 390. Under Rudra-daman, their empire contained Malwa (in Madhya Pradesh), Saurashtra, Kutchh and Rajasthan. During the 300s and 400s, the area formed a part of the Gupta Empire which in turn was succeeded by the Maitraka Dynasty. It was during the rule of Dhruvasena Maitrak that the great Chinese traveler and philosopher Huien Tsang visited India in 640AD.
Between the decline of the Mauryan power and the coming of Saurashtra under the sway of the Samprati Mauryas of Ujjain, there was a Greek incursion into Gujarat led by Demetrius.
Three royal races of Hindus successively ruled over, namely, the Chawura, Solanki', and Baghilah races. The total number of individuals belonging to the tribes who held power amounted to twenty-three, and they retained possession of the country for five hundred and seventy-five years - previous to the period when Gujarat became subject to the Mohammedans. The Chawura tribe ruled one hundred and ninety-six years after which the power passed into the hands of the Solankhi tribe in the manner described.
It was during the 900s that the Solanki Dynasty came to power. Under the Solanki Dynasty, Gujarat reached to its greatest extent. It is believed that the Gujjars belonged to this Solanki Dynasty because Pratiharas, the Paramaras and the Solankis were imperial Gujjars. Ancient Gujarat's last Hindu rulers were the Solanki clan of Rajputs from 960 AD to 1243 AD. It is also learnt, Karandev of the Vaghela dynasty was the last Hindu ruler of Gujarat and he was overthrown by the superior forces of Allauddin Khilji from Delhi in 1297.
|1. Name of the Governor
||Shri O. P. Kohli
W/O Late Shri Manohar Lal Kohli
|2. Father Name
||Late Shri Manohar Lal Kohli
|2. Mother's Name
||Late Shrimati Shiv Dev
|3. Date of Birth
||August 9, 1935
|4. Place of Birth
|2. Spouse's Name
||Shrimati Avinash Kohli
||Three : (Son : Vishu Kohli Daughters : Smt. Suparna Kohli and Ms. Ritu Kohli)
|5. Academic Qualifications
||MA (Hindi) from University of Delhi
Prabhakar from Punjab University
Sahitya Ratna from Prayag
|6. Work Experience
||Worked as a lecturer at Hansraj College & Deshbandhu College (University of Delhi) for over 37 years. Retired as a Reader in 1994.
|7. Years in Parliament
|| Was elected as a member of Rajya Sabha (1994-2000)
Chairman, Housing Committee, Rajya Sabha
Member, Committee on papers to be laid on the table of Rajya Sabha
Member, Standing Committee on Urban & Rural Development
Member, Standing Committee on Finance
Member, Standing Committee on Finance
About Chief Minister
Shri Vijaybhai R. Rupani General Administration, Administrative reforms and training, Industries, Home,
Mines and Minerals, Ports, Information and Broadcasting, Science and Technology,
All policies, Climate Change, Planning, All matters not allotted to other Ministers
Capital Project, Narmada, Kalpasar, Petrochemicals
Shri Vijay Rupani is the 16th Chief Minister of Gujarat. Born in Rangoon to Ramniklal Rupani on August 2nd 1956, he grew up in Rajkot. After completing his Graduation in Arts, he pursued LLB. He rose through the ranks, from being an ABVP activist to a Rajya Sabha Member, MLA, Cabinet Minister and then CM.
Known for his amiable personality and empathic attitude, CM Shri Vijay Rupani is a beloved leader of both, party and people. A longtime karyakarta and a humble leader, his patience and perseverance makes him an exceptional leader. An ardent follower of the Indian democracy, CM Shri Vijay Rupani even endured imprisonment during the 1975 emergency.
He served as Chairman of Tourism Corporation of Gujarat Limited and spearheaded the memorable Tourism Campaign 'Khushboo Gujarat Ki' that established Gujarat as a prominent tourist destination. He was a member of the Rajya Sabha between 2006-2012 and played an active role in parliamentary committees on Water Resources, Food, Public Distribution and Public Utility. He served as the Chairman of Gujarat Municipal Finance Board in 2013. He won with a huge margin in assembly bye-election held in October, 2014. In the former Cabinet headed by CM Smt. Anandiben Patel, Shri Vijay Rupani served as Minister for Water Supply, Transport, Labour and Employment. On February 19, 2016, Shri Vijay Rupani replaced Shri R C Faldu as Gujarat State Party President.
Shri Vijay Rupani replaced Smt. Anandiben Patel as the CM in August 2016.
'Will stay true to the pledge of SaunoSath, SaunoVikas': CM Shri Vijay Rupani.
CM Shri Vijay Rupani follows the mantra of development for all and he has affirmed 'The seat holds little priority. My pledge entails fulfilling the aspirations of people of Gujarat & serving them as a karyakarta in the truest sense'.
Keeping his promise of development for all; he took major initiatives during the first month of his Chief Ministership. CM Vijay Rupani has set four pillars of good governance, transparent, sensitive, decisive and progressive Government for balanced growth of Agriculture, Industries and Services that will ensure growth for all and fulfill aspirations of each class.