The first settlers in the State of Gujarat were Gujjars who happened to be an ethnic group of India, Pakistan and Afghanistan. Although their originis remain uncertain, the clan appeared in northern India and in Saurashtra about the time of the Huna invasion. The name of the tribe was 'sanskritized' to 'Gurjara' who followed the main religions of Hinduism, Islam, Sikkism and Christianity.
However, the earliest Archeological traces indicate the Indus Valley Civilization as historical relics with the stone age settlements are found in Gujarat around Sabarmati and Mahi rivers. Its roots are also in the Harappan traces found at Lothal, Rampur, Amri and other places.
Ancient Gujarat was ruled by the Maurya Dynasty. Emperor Chandragupta Maurya conquered a number of states in Gujarat while his grandson, King Ashoka extended his domain in Gujarat. The reigns of the first three Mauryas were significant but with Ashoka's death in 232 B C the Mauryan empire began to crumble,leading to political defragmentation. The Shungas who succeeded the Mauryas tried, unsuccessfully, to uphold the semblance of political unity.
After the fall of the Maurya Empire, the Sakas or Scynthians controlled the region from A.D. 130 to 390. Under Rudra-daman, their empire contained Malwa (in Madhya Pradesh), Saurashtra, Kutchh and Rajasthan. During the 300s and 400s, the area formed a part of the Gupta Empire which in turn was succeeded by the Maitraka Dynasty. It was during the rule of Dhruvasena Maitrak that the great Chinese traveler and philosopher Huien Tsang visited India in 640AD.
Between the decline of the Mauryan power and the coming of Saurashtra under the sway of the Samprati Mauryas of Ujjain, there was a Greek incursion into Gujarat led by Demetrius.
Three royal races of Hindus successively ruled over, namely, the Chawura, Solanki', and Baghilah races. The total number of individuals belonging to the tribes who held power amounted to twenty-three, and they retained possession of the country for five hundred and seventy-five years - previous to the period when Gujarat became subject to the Mohammedans. The Chawura tribe ruled one hundred and ninety-six years after which the power passed into the hands of the Solankhi tribe in the manner described.
It was during the 900s that the Solanki Dynasty came to power. Under the Solanki Dynasty, Gujarat reached to its greatest extent. It is believed that the Gujjars belonged to this Solanki Dynasty because Pratiharas, the Paramaras and the Solankis were imperial Gujjars. Ancient Gujarat's last Hindu rulers were the Solanki clan of Rajputs from 960 AD to 1243 AD. It is also learnt, Karandev of the Vaghela dynasty was the last Hindu ruler of Gujarat and he was overthrown by the superior forces of Allauddin Khilji from Delhi in 1297.
|1. Name of the Governor
|2. Father Name
|Shri Lahari Singh
|3. Date of Birth
|January 18, 1959
|4. Place of Birth
| Samalkha, Punjab, India
|2. Spouse's Name
|Shrimati Darshana Devi
|5. Academic Qualifications
|Graduate, Masters (Hindi, History), B.Ed. Diploma in - Yoga Science, Doctor of Naturopathy and Yogic Science.
|6. Work Experience
|39 years of teaching and administration experience & Hon'ble Governor of Himachal Pradesh from 12 August 2015 to 21 July 2019. In this central Himachal Pradesh, many projects and campaigns of zero cost natural agriculture, cow farming and cow breed improvement, Beti Bachao Beti Padhao, social harmony, de-addiction, tree plantation and water conservation were widely implemented through government and public participation. During this period, all these programs were widely publicized in the state as well as in other states adjoining Himachal.
| Raj Bhavan,Sector - 20, Gandhinagar - 382020 (Gujarat).
About Chief Minister
Shri Bhupendrabhai Patel Shri Bhupendra Rajnikant Patel was sworn-in as Gujarat’s 17th Chief Minister on December 12, 2022. Shri Bhupendrabhai Patel began his political journey as a member in Memnagar municipality and got elected as MLA from Ghatlodia constituency (Ahmedabad) in 2017 Gujarat assembly elections.
Shri Patel has extensive experience in administration, having served as the Chairman of the Standing Committee of Ahmedabad Municipal Corporation (AMC), and Corporator for Thaltej ward from 2010 to 2015. He began his political career in 1995, when he was appointed as the Chairman of the Standing Committee of Memnagar municipality. He served the municipality for over a decade, becoming Chairman of the local body during 1999-2000 and 2004-2006.
He has also served as the Vice Chairman of Ahmedabad Municipal Corporation School Board between 2008 and 2010. Later on, he served as a corporator from Thaltej ward from 2010 to 2015. During this tenure, he served as the Chairman of the Standing Committee of Ahmedabad Municipal Corporation (AMC).
In 2015, he was appointed as the chairman of Ahmedabad Urban Development Authority (AUDA). In 2017, Shri Patel became a Member of the Legislative Assembly (MLA) for the first time, by winning the election from Ghatlodia constituency.
Shri Bhupendrabhai Patel was sworn-in as the Chief Minister of Gujarat for the first time on 13th September, 2021.
Born on July 15, 1962, in Ahmedabad, Shri Patel holds a Diploma in Civil Engineering from Government Polytechnic, Ahmedabad. A firm believer of ‘service before self,’ Shri Patel has been an active social worker since early age. He is also an active member of Pandit Deendayal Library managed by RSS at Memnagar.
In his new role as the Chief Minister of Gujarat, Shri Bhupendrabhai Patel sees a huge opportunity to serve the citizens of Gujarat and is committed to set new benchmarks of good governance in the state.
Beyond politics, Shri Patel enjoys playing badminton and cricket. He is a follower of Akram Vignan Movement founded by Dada Bhagwan. Shri Patel is also serving as trustee at Sardar Dham and World Umiya Foundation.