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Livelihood Mission Becomes Medium of Livelihood of Imrat Bai

Bhopal, 28 September 2017

Madhya Pradesh Livelihood Mission has become a good medium of livelihood for needy persons of the rural areas. A live example of this can be seen at village Virpur of Sironj block situated in Vidisha district. Imrat Bai, a resident of village Virpur used to make her familys both ends meet by traditional farming. Officers of the livelihood mission reached the village and advised her to work by forming a group. Imrat Bai formed the group and sowed chilies through drip mulching method in one bigha land by taking economic assistance from the group. She earned a profit of Rs. 60 thousand from this venture. Moreover, she earned an income of Rs. 80 thousand by vegetable production which increased her enthusiasm. Furthermore, Imrat Bai purchased masonry tools for her husband Ramdayal by taking money from the group. Hard labour of husband and wife together improved the economic condition of the family. Her family used to work in the agriculture fields of others earlier, today this family has become economically strong through their own work. As their income grows, they have purchased tractor trolley through bank loan. Now they are counted among the prosperous people of the village. This group of Virpur has availed benefit of bank linkage owing to its continuous dealings with the bank. Women of other nearby villages have received inspiration from the success of the Virpur group. These women are also being advised by the Madhya Pradesh Livelihood Mission.

Dangal girls being prepared in Indore

Bhopal, 28 September 2017

Girls and women are strengthening their hold in every field today. Be it sports or social sector, all women are moving fast ahead on the basis of their performance and abilities. One such Dangal girl is Neelima Bourasi from Indore. She has carved a niche in the field of wrestling and shastra kala. Having trained Bollywood actors like Anushka Sharma and other artists in films like Sultan and Dangal, Neelima who has earned a name in Madhya Pradesh is now training more Dangal girls like herself. Born in a poor family Neelima is teaching girls the finer points of wrestling through her skills. Many children prepared by Neelima have played national games. At Shri Ramnath Guru Vyayam Shala and Balika Shastra Kala Kendra run by Neelima, young girls are being taught to wrestle, sword strokes and to use baneti, pata, bana, bhala and danda to strike in defence. Nearly 50 girls in the age group of 8 -18 are learning wrestling every day at the Kendra. Neelima acquired the knowledge of Shastra kala from her father Munna Baurasi. She did not leave her art despite antagonism from the society. The same Neelima is now being appreciated for her capabilities and the uncountable medals. Neelima has won several national medals for her art. She bagged bronze medal in Senior National Championship in 2013 in Kolkata. She has won 8 gold medals so far in state level competitions. Several organizations have honoured and awarded her

Lady Associates Of Courtyard Marriott Celebrated Women's Day At Boat Club

Bhopal, 8th March 2017

The lady associates at Courtyard Marriott, Bhopal had a fun filled Women's Day at boat club. The Hotel celebrated the day on #BeBoldForChange theme.

The male members of Hotel wore pink tie and pocket square to show their respect. The Hotel had also made special brunch for its lady guests between 12.30 am 3 pm wherein these guests were offered free mehandi session with an expert.

Earlier in the day the lady associates were offered a lavish lunch at hotel and were shown a women centric documentary. At 4 O'clock these lady members reached Boat Club where they participated in a game 'Free to Dream' wherein they wrote their dreams on a paper, pasted them on balloons and set them free in the sky. They also enjoyed a trip of Upper Lake in a cruise.

Equality in the World of Workplace - Dr. Sasha Raikhy

Bhopal, 8 March 2017

This year Women's Day theme focuses on Equality in the World of Work: Planet 50-50 by 2030.
Although workplace world is changing for women, we are still long way to go for "Work place equality". We need more focus on equality of pay, leave entitlement, especially paid maternity and extended child care leaves, special leave entitlements for family elderly care, protection during pregnancy, sensitivity during breast feeding leadership positions even sexual harassment at work place.
We also need to encourage our girls to pursue broad range of careers (like military sports) and choices beyond the traditional soft jobs like teaching banking etc. We need to teach our girls to dream big.
Another barrier in women's career is their own self defeating belief and bias. Marriage, pregnancy child birth, breastfeeding and child care should not be considered as barrier or full stop in a woman's career.
Women these days are facing lot of challenges at workplace, home and society due to multiple roles that they perform. We expect women to perform perfectly the role of a homemaker, a daughter, a daughter in law, a wife and many more roles besides a demanding job. As a result, women suffer from false guilt for not fulfilling expectations of the family and people around. It leads to increase in anxiety, depression, panic disorder and eating disorder among women. Apart from good working environment at workplace, attitude of society toward working women needs a drastic change. She should not be pressurized to push her limits to emerge perfect both at work and at home.
We also need to positively acknowledge workplace success of women. Women tend to face hostilities both at workplace and home if they are successful, despite the fact that the quality of life improves significantly when the woman of a family also works. Women should not be made to feel guilty for their professional work as having both parents working outside is good for child's overall development especially for girls. 'She is very career oriented' is still viewed as negative compliment in our society.
We need to inculcate such values in the youngsters that they grow up as more supportive colleagues. We need to have families who share household responsibilities to provide for healthy working environment.
Families where there are less gender discrimination (like mother going for work and father sharing household responsibilities) produce more confident children. As Prime Minister had once exhorted the Nation in his 'Mann Ki Baat' that we need to bring 'attitudinal' change in our boys so that they learn to respect the women. The men of young generation should contribute to career of their partners. We need to change many gender stereotypes. We need to make our boys learn to be gentle in their personality, to love cooking, washing, serving and tending to the needs of children and elderly people at home. We need to make them learn the value of balancing family and careers too. We need to make them learn that although anatomically and physiologically women also have the same dreams and desires. Beside teaching girls to be bold strong, we need to change our 'nurturing' attitude towards boys too.
Although, there has been a vast improvement in women representation in higher jobs and their financial empowerment, we need to change our unconscious bias for working women. There is also the need for attitudinal change in women. They should feel confident to honour the huge potential that dies daily within them. It is not only about equal wages, but it is also about opportunities, career choices and gender roles.
On Women's Day, women should resolve to 'Be bold for change' by challenging bias, inequality celebrate journey of achievement. Let's reinforce support women's triumphs in careers after overcoming all barriers. Let's create new work opportunities for women, let's be bold for change.

Sexual Harassment Act provides protection to innocents - Prof Asha Shukla

Bhopal, 8th March 2017

Today, on the occasion of International Women's Day, Indira Gandhi Rashtriya Manav Sangrahalaya organized a special lecture, where Prof Asha Shukla (HOD, Women's Studies Deptt, Barkatullah University) spoke on ‘Implementation of Sexual Harassment Act at workplace'. This lecture was chaired by Prof. Rekha Singhal, IIFM, Bhopal.

In the beginning, delivering the welcome address, Director, IGRMS, Prof Sarit Kumar Chaudhuri said "The condition of women in North-East India is not very different from the rest. Even now the women are fighting for their right to ancestral property". He congratulated Women Cell, IGRMS for successfully organizing the programme.

Prof Shukla began her lecture by pointing out that the Women's Studies Deptt in Barkatullah University is the sole department in Madhya Pradesh dedicated to Gender & Women's studies. The first part of her lecture described sexual harassment at workplace and society's role. Prof Shukla gave emphasis on identifying women as Human first rather than Goddess, slave, daughter, wife or sister. In the second part of her lecture she said "When exploitation of women's fundamental and human rights began, then law moved forward from Vishakha guidelines to Sexual Harassment Act, 2013.

Under this act all offices in India must have a Women's Cell headed by a lady official and the cell must have a male and external member as well. The works on the line of Civil Court and has the right to give judgment". Prof Shukla further explained "It is the duty of the head of the organization to aware every official about this act by organizing workshops and to provide an atmosphere of gender equality and safe working environment to all lady officials". Prior to this, Chairperson, Women Cell and Assistant curator, Dr Soma Kiro gave Prof Asha Shukla's introduction.

Chairing the lecture, Prof. Rekha Singhal criticized the society for difference in treatment of girls and boys. She said "If we have same thinking and behaviour for boys and girls, then perhaps this Act might not be required. A person joins office at the age of 25-30 years, at that time his bad intentions can only be suppressed by fear and but can be not changed". The programme was coordinated by Mrs Garima Anand (Musuem Associate) and Dr Sudipa Roy gave vote of thanks.

Road show from CM House to Ravindra Bhavan

Bhopal, 8th Mar. 2016

Madhya Pradesh is possibly the first state in the country where a Chief Minister will take part in a road show for women's empowerment. On International Women's Day - March 8, Chief Minister Shri Shivraj Singh Chouhan will take part in the road show on the theme '10 Years of Women's Empowerment' from CM House to Ravindra Bhavan. Women and Child Development Minister Smt. Maya Singh will also attend the road show.
With this, programmes marking International Women's Day will start in entire state. On the first day, Special Gram Sabhas will be held in all 52 thousand villages. Special Jan-Sunwai will be held in 51 districts where Nari Shakti Chupals will also be held.
Programmes marking International Women's Day to create atmosphere for women's respect will begin from CM House. Girls benefited under Ladli Laxmi Yojana will pin a batch to the Chief Minister. Shri Chouhan will flag off Shakti Raths from his residence.
These vehicles will publicise women's empowerment schemes and programmes throughout the state. Shaurya Dals with their orchestra band will take part in the road show from outside the CM House. The women members of Shaurya Dals who have done commendable work for women's empowerment will take part in the show as Gender Champions.
As the road show progresses from CM House to Shyamla Hills crossing, a signature campaign in favour of women will be started. Women players will join the road show from Akashwani Bhavan road. Girls getting free cycles, dresses etc for education will join the procession from near Manas Bhavan. From here also, women members of SHGs formed under Tajaswini project will join the show. A street play will be held at Polytechnic Crossing. The road show will conclude at Ravindra Bhavan.
At the concluding function, the Chief Minister will distribute driving licences to women and launch Anmol-2. The Chief Minister will also felicitate persons for excellent works towards women's empowerment.

International Women's Day

From Shivraj Singh Chauhan
Bhopal, 8th Mar. 2016

Today is World Women's Day. On this occasion I want to congratulate all of you. This year's theme for International Women's Day is "Planet 50-50 by 2030: Step It Up for Gender Equality." United Nations wants to improve the ratio of males and females and bring it to parity. In many countries around the world, the condition of sex ratio is very poor which is dangerous and alarming for all. I can proudly say that it is much better in our Madhya Pradesh. On various fronts, girls are proving themselves to the society. A woman plays many roles in an individual's life like mother, sister and wife. These empowered individuals eventually contribute to an empowered country. In my opinion, actually, we celebrate Worlds Women's day to change public opinion about women. In our society, we need respect, equality, opportunity and leadership for the women as we celebrate women's day once a year. I think we can't bring all these changes in society in a single day. Upliftment of women is our priority. So for me and for the government of Madhya Pradesh, every day is Women's Day. MP government is trying to give a favourable environment to women. That is why; we have launched many schemes and programmes for their betterment. To end the perception of considering the girl child as a burden, schemes called Ladli Laxmi Yojana and Beti Bachao Yojana have been running since. In year 2001, the male female sex ratio was 919: 1000. This was an alarming moment for us. We made constant efforts on right time and improved it to 932: 1000 in year 2011. )
Healthy women, Healthy society
The first step toward women empowerment and improve gender ratio is prevention of gender test during the pregnancy. The discrimination with the girl child starts from her birth itself which continuous throughout her life. I decided to take care of them by starting many schemes so that they live their life happily, healthily and respectfully. Swagatam Laxmi Yojna has been started to provide them better education, better medical assistance, safe nurturing and upbringing. Under the emergency transportation service, more than 900 vehicles are always kept ready for the pregnant ladies and ill children. For this, 50 call centers have also been constituted. The maternal mortality rate has been decreased from 379 to 277 per lakh births. Because of the Janani Suraksha Yojana, the institutional delivery percentage which was 22% in the year 2003 has increased to a whopping 90%. The present scenario of Madhya Pradesh is changing impetuously.
Equality in every walk of life
Each and every section of the society should get equal attention and importance. Till now, the movable and immovable properties were registered in the name of members of the family but I will not allow this to happen at least under government schemes. The residential plots which are provided by the government will consist the name of wife first and then the husband. Other than this, in all the other housing schemes, the name of the woman will always be on top. A child care leave of 730 days has been decided for the female government employees. To make women politically strong, the government is taking measures by starting many other schemes. Females now get 50% reservation in panchayat, municipal corporation elections while 50% in teachers' recruitment. In government jobs also, females get 33% reservation.
Respect of women in a society is a true indictor of its development
Chief Minister Women Empowerment scheme is for those women who are in a troublesome situation. This helps them to include themselves in the mainstream of the society as well as they get to live life in a better way. Because of quality training and proper guidance, Chief Minister Women Empowerment scheme and Tejaswini program has got 'SKOCH Merit of the year' award and also included in the top twenty schemes of the country. As many as nine lakh sixty six thousand female entrepreneurs have been benefitted through the Tejaswini program while twelve thousand seven hundred and fifty nine self help group came into existence. With the implementation of Sabala scheme, teenage girls are becoming independent, self-reliant, healthy, and capable. They are getting life skill training so that they get success on every front. We are trying to give more respect to women, Because we believe that respect of women in the society is indicator of developing society.
Secured Women, Secured Future
There are many areas in Madhya Pradesh which are affected by child marriage. This malpractice puts the life of a young girl in a vicious cycle. Not only her, but next few generations also get affected. Around 52,000 such marriages have been stopped by the Lado Abhiyan. In the early days, people used to take loan or sell their land to collect money for the marriage of their daughter. We started a Chief Minister Girls' Marriage Scheme under which poor fathers get financial assistance for the marriage of their daughters. Not only they get to organize a grand function, but they also get the items which are generally used by a family like utensils, bed, LPG connections and many other things. Hindu as well as muslim marriages are organized at the same time. Around 21 lakh girls have been benefitted with the Ladli Laxmi Yojana.
Shaurya Dal: Shaurya Dal is active in as many as twenty districts and is giving a strong message to the society by fighting against violence, dowry, discrimination and other social evils. Dial 1090 is another example of providing security to the women.
I feel proud when I see that the government is standing behind every girl from her birth, throughout her adolescence and until her marriage and career.
We can say that Madhya Pradesh doesn't need to celebrate Women's Day. The women of this state celebrate it on every day by becoming more powerful day by day. I request all of you to make such an environment where girls are treated in a special manner. They should get socially secured, better health facilities, quality education and equal rights. Women empowerment is one of mine as well as state's main motive and I am sure that with your support, together we will make Madhya Pradesh as a model state.
Again, I want to wish you Happy Women's Day.

Mother Teresa Biography

Bhopal, 8th Mar. 2016

Mother Teresa was the founder of the Order of the Missionaries of Charity, a Roman Catholic congregation of women dedicated to helping the poor.

Early Life

Catholic nun and missionary Mother Teresa was born on August 26, 1910, in Skopje, the current capital of the Republic of Macedonia. The following day, she was baptized as Agnes Gonxha Bojaxhiu. Her parents, Nikola and Dranafile Bojaxhiu, were of Albanian descent; her father was an entrepreneur who worked as a construction contractor and a trader of medicines and other goods. The Bojaxhius were a devoutly Catholic family, and Nikola was deeply involved in the local church as well as in city politics as a vocal proponent of Albanian independence.

In 1919, when Agnes was only 8 years old, her father suddenly fell ill and died. While the cause of his death remains unknown, many have speculated that political enemies poisoned him. In the aftermath of her father's death, she became extraordinarily close to her mother, a pious and compassionate woman who instilled in her daughter a deep commitment to charity.
Although by no means wealthy, Drana Bojaxhiu extended an open invitation to the city's destitute to dine with her family. "My child, never eat a single mouthful unless you are sharing it with others," she counseled her daughter. When Agnes asked who the people eating with them were, her mother uniformly responded, "Some of them are our relations, but all of them are our people."

Religious Calling

Agnes attended a convent-run primary school and then a state-run secondary school. As a girl, she sang in the local Sacred Heart choir and was often asked to sing solos. The congregation made an annual pilgrimage to the Church of the Black Madonna in Letnice, and it was on one such trip at the age of 12 that she first felt a calling to a religious life. Six years later, in 1928, an 18-year-old Agnes Bojaxhiu decided to become a nun and set off for Ireland to join the Sisters of Loreto in Dublin. It was there that she took the name Sister Mary Teresa after Saint Thérèse of Lisieux.
A year later, Sister Mary Teresa traveled on to Darjeeling, India, for the novitiate period; in May 1931, she made her First Profession of Vows. Afterward she was sent to Calcutta, where she was assigned to teach at Saint Mary's High School for Girls, a school run by the Loreto Sisters and dedicated to teaching girls from the city's poorest Bengali families. Sister Teresa learned to speak both Bengali and Hindi fluently as she taught geography and history and dedicated herself to alleviating the girls' poverty through education.
On May 24, 1937, she took her Final Profession of Vows to a life of poverty, chastity and obedience. As was the custom for Loreto nuns, she took on the title of "Mother" upon making her final vows and thus became known as Mother Teresa. Mother Teresa continued to teach at Saint Mary's, and in 1944 she became the school's principal. Through her kindness, generosity and unfailing commitment to her students' education, she sought to lead them to a life of devotion to Christ. "Give me the strength to be ever the light of their lives, so that I may lead them at last to you," she wrote in prayer.

A New Calling

However, on September 10, 1946, Mother Teresa experienced a second calling, the "call within a call" that would forever transform her life. She was riding a train from Calcutta to the Himalayan foothills for a retreat when Christ spoke to her and told her to abandon teaching to work in the slums of Calcutta aiding the city's poorest and sickest people.
Since Mother Teresa had taken a vow of obedience, she could not leave her convent without official permission. After nearly a year and a half of lobbying, in January 1948 she finally received approval from the local Archbishop Ferdinand Périer to pursue this new calling. That August, donning the blue-and-white sari that she would always wear in public for the rest of her life, she left the Loreto convent and wandered out into the city. After six months of basic medical training, she voyaged for the first time into Calcutta's slums with no more specific goal than to aid "the unwanted, the unloved, the uncared for."

The Missionaries of Charity

Mother Teresa quickly translated this somewhat vague calling into concrete actions to help the city's poor. She began an open-air school and established a home for the dying destitute in a dilapidated building she convinced the city government to donate to her cause. In October 1950, she won canonical recognition for a new congregation, the Missionaries of Charity, which she founded with only a handful of members—most of them former teachers or pupils from St. Mary's School.
As the ranks of her congregation swelled and donations poured in from around India and across the globe, the scope of Mother Teresa's charitable activities expanded exponentially. Over the course of the 1950s and 1960s, she established a leper colony, an orphanage, a nursing home, a family clinic and a string of mobile health clinics.
In 1971, Mother Teresa traveled to New York City to open her first American-based house of charity, and in the summer of 1982, she secretly went to Beirut, Lebanon, where she crossed between Christian East Beirut and Muslim West Beirut to aid children of both faiths. In 1985, Mother Teresa returned to New York and spoke at the 40th anniversary of the United Nations General Assembly. While there, she also opened Gift of Love, a home to care for those infected with HIV/AIDS.

International Charity and Recognition

In February 1965, Pope Paul VI bestowed the Decree of Praise upon the Missionaries of Charity, which prompted Mother Teresa to begin expanding internationally. By the time of her death in 1997, the Missionaries of Charity numbered more than 4,000—in addition to thousands more lay volunteers—with 610 foundations in 123 countries on all seven continents.
The Decree of Praise was just the beginning, as Mother Teresa received various honors for her tireless and effective charity. She was awarded the Jewel of India, the highest honor bestowed on Indian civilians, as well as the now-defunct Soviet Union's Gold Medal of the Soviet Peace Committee. And in 1979, Mother Teresa won her highest honor when she was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in recognition of her work "in bringing help to suffering humanity."


Despite this widespread praise, Mother Teresa's life and work have not gone without criticism. In particular, she has drawn criticism for her vocal endorsement of some of the Catholic Church's more controversial doctrines, such as opposition to contraception and abortion. "I feel the greatest destroyer of peace today is abortion," Mother Teresa said in her 1979 Nobel lecture.
In 1995, she publicly advocated a "no" vote in the Irish referendum to end the country's constitutional ban on divorce and remarriage. The most scathing criticism of Mother Teresa can be found in Christopher Hitchens's book The Missionary Position: Mother Teresa in Theory and Practice, in which Hitchens argued that Mother Teresa glorified poverty for her own ends and provided a justification for the preservation of institutions and beliefs that sustained widespread poverty.

Death and Legacy

After several years of deteriorating health, in which she suffered from heart, lung and kidney problems, Mother Teresa died on September 5, 1997, at the age of 87. She was beatified in October 2003.

Since her death, Mother Teresa has remained in the public spotlight. In particular, the publication of her private correspondence in 2003 caused a wholesale re-evaluation of her life by revealing the crisis of faith she suffered for most of the last 50 years of her life.
In one despairing letter to a confidant, she wrote, "Where is my Faith—even deep down right in there is nothing, but emptiness & darkness—My God—how painful is this unknown pain—I have no Faith—I dare not utter the words & thoughts that crowd in my heart—& make me suffer untold agony." While such revelations are shocking considering her public image of perfect faith, they have also made Mother Teresa a more relatable and human figure to all those who experience doubt in their beliefs.
For her unwavering commitment to aiding those most in need, Mother Teresa stands out as one of the greatest humanitarians of the 20th century. She combined profound empathy and a fervent commitment to her cause with incredible organizational and managerial skills that allowed her to develop a vast and effective international organization of missionaries to help impoverished citizens all across the globe.
However, despite the enormous scale of her charitable activities and the millions of lives she touched, to her dying day she held only the most humble conception of her own achievements. Summing up her life in characteristically self-effacing fashion, Mother Teresa said, "By blood, I am Albanian. By citizenship, an Indian. By faith, I am a Catholic nun. As to my calling, I belong to the world. As to my heart, I belong entirely to the Heart of Jesus."
On December 17, 2015, Pope Francis issued a decree that recognized a second miracle attributed to Mother Teresa, clearing the way for her to be canonized as a saint in 2016. The second miracle involved the healing of a man in Santos, Brazil, who was diagnosed with a viral brain infection and lapsed into a coma. His wife, family and friends prayed to Mother Teresa and when the man was brought to the operating room for emergency surgery, he woke up without pain and cured of his symptoms, according to a statement from the Missionaries of Charity Father. Mother Teresa's canonization is expected to be scheduled for September 2016 around the date of her death.

Dr. P.J. Sudhakar, Addl. Director General (M C), PIB, Bhopal

Empowerment of Women,National Policy for Empowerment of Women: The National Policy for Empowerment ofWomen (NPEW) was formulated in 2001 as the blueprint for the future, with the expressive goal ofbringing about the advancement, development and empowerment of women. The NPEW laid downdetailed prescriptions to address discrimination against women, strengthen existing institutions whichincludes the legal system, provide better access to health care and other services, equal opportunitiesfor women's participation in decision-making and mainstreaming gender concerns in the developmentprocess. The policies and programmes of the Government are directed towards achieving inclusivegrowth with special focus on women in line with the objective of the National Policy for Empowermentof Women. The Government introduced Gender Budgeting in 2005-06 in order to ensure that policycommitments are backed by financial outlays and that the gender perspective is incorporated in allstages of a policy or a programme. The objectives of Gender Budgeting are for committing to initiativeswith the objective of influencing and effecting a change in the Ministries' policies, programmes in a way that could tackle gender imbalances, promote gender equality and development and ensure thatpublic resources through the Ministries' budgets are allocated and managed accordingly. Thegovernment also made all efforts to ensure a definite flow of funds to women was the introduction of aWomen's Component Plan (WCP) in the 9th Five Year Plan whereby all Ministries/Departments weredirected to ensure at least 33 percent funds for women.
National Mission for Empowerment of Women: Government of India launched the NationalMission for empowerment of women (NMEW) on International Women's Day in 2010 with the aim tostrengthen overall processes that promote all-round development of women. It has the mandate tostrengthen the inter-sector convergence; facilitate the process of coordinating all the women's welfareand socio-economic development programmes across ministries and departments. The Mission aims toprovide a single window service for all programmes run by the Government for Women under aegis ofvarious Central Ministries. The Mission has been named Mission Poorna Shakti, implying a vision forholistic empowerment of women. The Mission focussed on access to health, drinking water, sanitationand hygiene facilities for women, coverage of all girls especially those belonging to vulnerable groupsin schools from primary to class 12th, higher and Professional education for girls, Skill development,Micro credit, vocational training, Entrepreneurship, Self-Help Groups development , Gendersensitization and dissemination of information and taking steps to prevent crimes against women and asafe environment for women.
National Commission for Women: The National Commission for Women was set up asstatutory body in January 1992 under the National Commission for Women Act, 1990 to review theConstitutional and Legal safeguards for women ; recommend remedial legislative measures ; facilitateredressal of grievances and to advise the Government on all policy matters affecting women. TheCommission initiated various steps to improve the status of women and worked for their economicempowerment. It organises consultations, constituted expert committees on economic empowerment ofwomen, conducts workshops and seminars for gender awareness and took up publicity campaignagainst female foeticide, violence against women, in order to generate awareness in the society againstthese social evils and human rights of women.
Women constitute almost half of the population of the world. Education for women is the bestway to improve the health, nutrition and economic status of a household that constitute a micro unit ofa nation economy. The lack of woman education can be an impediment to the country's economicdevelopment. In India, women achieve far less education that of men. As per the Census report 2001,the literacy rate of women is 54.16 per cent and that of men is 65.38 per cent. There has been a sincereeffort to improve the education attainment of women by both government and voluntary organizations.The changes in the policies and infrastructural supports on primary, secondary and higher educationreflect the initiatives of the Government of India towards women education. The divergences in theliteracy rates between sexes indicate the difference in the growth rate of literacy levels between malesand females over a period of time. Another area of concern is to reduce the gap between the rural andurban female literacy. Though there has been a steady upward trend in both the rural and urban femaleliteracy rates, it is observed that the rural female literacy is increasing much faster than that of urban.
In economics we often talk of discrimination which means denial of equality and human rightsto women and the freedom to make decisions which affects their lives and results in wideningdisparities in the human capabilities and functionings associated between man and woman. The addgender discrimination severely limit expansion and utilization of human capabilities in women and ithas critical implications for economic growth. It is assumed that the status of women anddiscrimination against them are inversely related and therefore measuring women's status is equivalentto measuring gender discrimination. This issue, though, is receiving increasing academic and policyattention in the recent years, there is still a dearth of research in this area, particularly quantitative andempirical research. Until recently, it was assumed that development was gender-neutral – that both menand women could benefit equally from development, and that the benefits of developmentalinterventions spread evenly across society. The historical legacy of gender inequality existed in allsocieties across the world implies that there is no "level playing field". Gender inequalities can alsohave instrumental impacts through creating constraints in the achievement of a number of developmentgoals. For example, studies have shown that gender inequality in education and access to resources mayhamper the process of reduction of child mortality and lowering of fertility, which in turn impacts the expansion of education for the next generation. Gender inequality also has a negative impact oneconomic growth. There is now overwhelming evidence that countries that adopt specific measures toprotect women's rights and increase their access to resources and schooling have less corruption andachieve faster economic growth than countries that do not.
There is a need for political empowerment of women Globally, women hold slightly less than20 per cent of seats in Parliament. In Asia-Pacific region, just over 18 per cent of all members ofnational Parliaments are women. India is far below these countries with 11 per cent women in the LokSabha. With 60 women members of Parliament out of 545 (11 per cent), nationally, India's LowerHouse ranks only 105th worldwide in this context. With 37 per cent of members at rural and districtbodies, India has achieved a better gender balance at sub-national level. Not less than one-third of thetotal number of seats to be filled by direct election in every Panchayat to be reserved for women andsuch seats to be allotted by rotation to different constituencies in a Panchayat (Article 243 D(3)), Notless than one- third of the total number of offices of Chairpersons in the Panchayats at each level to bereserved for women (Article 243 D (4)), Not less than one-third of the total number of seats to be filledby direct election in every Municipality to be reserved for women and such seats to be allotted byrotation to different constituencies in a Municipality (Article 243 T (3)) Reservation of offices ofChairpersons in Municipalities for the Scheduled Castes, the Scheduled Tribes and women in suchmanner as the legislature of a State may by law provide (Article 243 T (4)). The 73 rd and 74thConstitution Amendments provided reservations for women. The Bill for providing 33 percentreservation for women in legislatures is not yet enacted.
Media and Women,MAG Study (1994) revealed that there are now more women in the media workforce than theywere twenty years ago. The decision making in these organizations remain overwhelmingly the domainof man. Senior decision makers with a gender sensitive perspective can use their persuasive power toempower others and change the image and status of women in print and electronic media organizations.As far as print media is concerned, late seventies and eighties in India witnessed the emergence of lot ofwomen journalists. The choice of many educated women to take to this profession which was tillrecently considered a bastion of men is a sign of women of India joining the main stream decisionmaking process in an important way. The last twenty years of print media is a story of women'sparticipation in an area that focuses on the national agenda of great public interest. Communicationresearchers should take up studies on women's employment in various mass media. This may provideguidelines for bringing gender equality in the employment in mass media. It is true that women arelagging behind men in the media work force. At the same time, it is also a fact that there has beenprogress in this regard. There is more number of women employed now in media organizations andGovernment media of radio and Doordarshan in senior positions. Once they acquire positions of powerin the media workforce, the task of improving women's images in media will become easier. There is aneed for projecting the positive image of women in film media.
Awards, Government of India instituted five national awards which are to be called 'Stree ShaktiPuraskar for recognition of achievements of individual women in the field of social development. Theseawards will be in the name of the eminent women personalities in the Indian history, who are famousfor their personal courage and integrity like Devi Ahilya Bai Holkar, Kanngi, Mata Jijabai, RaniGaidenlou Zeliang and Rani Lakshmi Bai. The award will carry a cash prize of Rupees one lakh and acitation. These awards will be given to women who have triumphed over difficult circumstances andhave fought for and established the rights of women in various fields. Also, women achievers whohave worked in the areas of education, health, agriculture and rural industry, protection of forests andenvironment and those who have created awareness and consciousness on women's issues through artsand media would be recognized and awarded by the Government.
* 8th March is being observed as International Women's Day every year acrossthe globe.

PRCI Daughters day 1July
Bhopal 1 july: MM Correspondent .

I appreciate the exclusive initiative of PRCI and & I am happy to announce the Rs.2lakh National Award for the talented Daughter of MP from the next year- Laxmikant Sharma PR Minister.

Following are the recepients of the 'Daughters of Bhopal Awards'

Ujma zamali Journalist (PHD in Journalism), Suchandana Gupta Journalist (Times of India) ,Deepti Chaurasia Journalist (AAj tak) ,Shaifali Pandey Journalist (Voice of India) ,Shravani Sarkar Journalist (Hindustan Times), Jyotsana Panth Journalist(DB star) ,Preeti Sharma Journalist (City Bhaskar), Sneha Khare Journalist (Patrika) ,

Seema Raizada Professor(Nutan College), Meenakshi Natrajan Politican ,Monal Singh Blood Donation Activist,Jaya Arya Social Worker, Jyoti Agarwal Abhivyakti Kala Kendra, Divyanka Tripathi TV Artist, P.Bhawani Singer, Kushi Sharma Child Artist ,Reet Radio Jockey (98.3 Radio Mirchi),

Captain Ruchi Vijayvergia Business Women(Peoples Group) ,Anju Mallick Business Women (CI Hyundai) ,Poonam Chauksey Director (LNCT Group), Sahana Roy Director(Time Institute) ,Sufia Khan Young IAS ,Ruchi Shrivastava IPS (ASP), Nikky Baba Spa Treat(Beautician) ,Doctor Pooja Yadav MBBS Topper (GMC) .

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Readers views about the awards...

Honouring talented daughters

Public Relations Council of India, Bhopal Chapter & Metro Mirror.Com created history by honouring talented 'daughters' of Bhopal at a function recently. This is a laudable step and needs to be supported by all citizens claiming to be for women empowerment. One can just visualise how these talented daughters, drawn from different fields, would have felt thrilled on getting recognition for their contribution in their respective professions. The presence of the Public Relations Minister, Shri Laxmikant Sharma and other dignitaries is a testimony of their support to such a cause. Mass media is also to be lauded for giving good coverage to this event thereby recognising the awardees and motivating other 'daughters' of Bhopal. In fact, parents, teachers and the society should take it as their moral responsibility to do everything to encourage and motivate their wards (both women and men) to be performers and achievers -- road to overall progress of the nation.

C.K. Sardana

[(General Manager BHEL (Redt)]

M - 09893556483

M-177 Gautam Nagar Bhopal-462023









Mutual Understanding is must between 'Saas' & 'Bahu'

When a newly married girl enters her new home that is 'Sasural', she is surrounded by many conceptions towards her 'Saas'. The same thing occurs to her Sass. In both the cases, both of them are often in dilemma of their new positions in the home.

In Indian films, ' the Saas' has not been given a positive look toward ' the Bahu'; nevertheless, exceptions do exist. All these films & some prevailing horrible stories posing the negative aspect of the Sass in the society create fear.

However, this is one aspect of a coin, the other aspect is not horrible & you may be marked with this positive aspect if you try to become a kind & mother-like 'Sass' to your 'Bahu'.

If you have become or are going to become a member of the "Saas club" you should take care of…

1....that everything has now changed. In past days, the 'Bahu' was made only for taking care of her 'Sasural', but, nowadays a 'Bahu' is normally educated & having her own ideas. You should not expect your Bahu to change herself completely. You should create such an environment in which she could feel free & not suffocated.
2....that if she wants to utilize her education in some job, you ought to give her a hand. If she does something remarkable, it would be good for your family alone.
3....that "It takes two for clapping". There must be a reciprocal co-operation between a Saas & a Bahu. You should not deliver hot or insulting words for her parents or relatives, it may reduce your respect in her sight.
4....that if your relation with your Bahu is in good tune it will keep your whole family happy & bring prosperity for it.

TIP OF THE WEEK - Turn useless into useful

The dried up breads are often regarded as good for nothing & discarded. However, nothing is useless & can be made useful in someway. Here are some tips to make the dried up bread eatable in an interesting way-

  • If parched, do not throw it away; soften it by using a Pressure-Cooker; and you will see it can be eaten again.
  • Souse it with milk & keep in an oven for 10 minutes & it will turn crisp & tasteful.
  • It also can turn into sweetmeat if soused with 'Chashni'.
  • Fry it's pieces in oil & serve with soup.
  • In addition, it can help you clean your oily utensils..

Thumb-Sucking kid? Do not be worried. .

Thumb-sucking is a common problem among kids, every mother has to face it. Generally, kids from 8 month to 1 year are found having this practice. In realty, the kids are very eager & keen about his surroundings & in an effort to know it, he just finds his mouth alone fit for knowing it by test.


Sperm develops best in cool surroundings.
Men who sit with computers on their laps can have reduced fertility levels. Men should also avoid long, hot baths. One study found that switching to cool shwers increases sperm production by five times. Also, swap tight pants for roomier boxer shorts.

Sunlight boosts fertility in both men and women by increasing levels of Vitamin D. Studies have found Vitamin D increases levels of the female sex hormones progesterone and oestrogen, which regulate periods and make conception more likely. It also boosts sperm count.

Stress can have a huge impact on female fertility. It can also slow male sperm sperm production and lower libido.

Women, who eat one serving of fullfat dairy a day, reduce their risk of infertility by more than a quarter, a study found. Dairy fat helps the ovaries work well.


Research showed taking a daily prenatal vitamin - containing key nutrients for conception like folic acid, Vitamin B12 and selenium - could more than double pregnancy chances.

Male smokers are 50% more likely to be impotent and have lower sperm counts. Female smokers have a 30% lower fertility rate than non-smokers. Smoking can also prevent embryo implantation in the uterus.

If you're trying to get pregnant, it's a good idea for you and your partner to drink less alcohol. Drinking too much has been found to impair ovulation and sperm production.

Free apps like Period Diary, Fertility Friend and Menstrual Calendar work out when you're at your most fertile from your daily body temperature and the dates of your period.

Try acupuncture to stimulate specific points on the body. It's thought it may help control ovulation and increase blood flow to the uterus, and therefore improve the chances of a fertilised egg implanting.

Chances of conception rise from 15% for couples having sex once a week to 50% for couples having sex three to four times a week. Sex keeps sperm healthy. Its quality falls if it's retained in the body for more than three days.
For baby success, you need to have sex

Women who do the housework, gardening or other forms of moderate exercise are three times more likely to conceive through IVF than those with sedentary lives, according to new research. Exercise stops the body from producing excessive insulin,which is thought to harm development of healthy eggs.

during your most fertile time of the month. In an average 28-day cycle, this usualiy falls between day 10 and day 17.

Body fat produces oetrogen, which confuses the body's ovulation cycle. Overweight women often have less regular periods than women who weigh less. Losing just 5% of your body weight can boost conception chances by about a fifth.

Being under weight can switch off your body's ability to reproduce eggs, as it senses there isn't enough fat to sustain a healthy pregnancy.

Some experts believe a diet high in refined carbohydrates, like white bread, pasta and biscuits, can affect conception. These foods raise blood sugar quickly, causing an insulin surge that can impair fertility.

Recreational drugs, such as cocaine and marijuana, have been found to lower sperm counts and increase abnormal sperm, while female drug users can face ovulation problems.

Some studies show omega-3s, which are found in oily fish, such as salmon and in linseed, may reduce risk of miscarriage and improve sperm quality. These essential fats are crucial for healthy hormone functioning, but many of us don't get enough.

Research has shown that just one cup of coffee per day could halve your chances of conception. Experts say caffeine may reduce the activity of the Fallopian tube muscles, which carry the eggs from the ovaries.

Some over-the-counter pills, like paracetamol and ibuprofen, affect s conception if taken around the time of ovulation. They may suppress hormones called prostaglandins, which help release eggs into the Fallopian tube.

If you don't drink enough water, the reproductive system will lose out as the body ensures that the more vital organs receive what they need first. Water creates plump egg follicles and a strong blood supply to the womb lining. Plus, if you're dehydrated, your cervical fluid-the stuff that helps the sperm find the egg-will be sluggish.

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